To further reduce air pollution caused by vehicles, China will phase in its new emission standard China 6 for both light-duty cars and heavy diesel-fueled trucks between 2020 and 2023, with some cities to implement the rules in advance in 2019. These measures are in line with China’s “Blue Sky” initiative, released in 2018, which aims to improve air quality in dozens of cities within three years by setting strict pollution standards for industry and transportation.
BASF is committed to driving sustainability in the automotive market. One core technology for abating emissions is BASF’s four-way conversion catalyst (FWC™). The system uses only one component to remove all four types of pollutants from gasoline engines, including carbon monoxide, hydrocarbons, nitrogen oxides (NOx) and particulate matter. The FWC system thus enables compliance of cars with the strictest China 6b emission limits while minimizing negative effects on the engine’s performance and fuel consumption.
For diesel vehicles, BASF introduces a copper-based selective catalytic reduction catalyst with a patented copper-based zeolite technology. This system reduces NOx emissions by up to 95%, works in a wide temperature range and provides excellent durability.
Evaporative hydrocarbons emitted from cars are triggered by sunlight to react with NOx, creating ground level smog. With the high capacity hydrocarbon absorber technology EvapTrap™ MX, BASF is helping leading local auto maker BYD to meet the new Zero EVAP Standard included in China 6. The technology is applied onto the surface of the air intake housing, helping auto makers meet stringent standards with minimal impact on vehicle design and performance.
Another source of air pollution from vehicles is volatile organic compounds (VOCs). These can be emitted during automotive production, while painting or repairing the car, or in car interiors. In October 2018, BASF launched a new waterborne basecoat coating system under the NORBIN® brand in China. Developed locally in Jiangmen for the Asian market, NORBIN® 66 offers superior color-matching technology, easy application, fast drying, and flexible delivery times. It also helps bodyshops reduce VOCs at competitive prices, thus meeting stringent government regulations and industry standards.
To enhance air quality inside cars, a new processing technology from BASF, based on an improved isocyanate – a core raw material of polyurethane foam – is now available. Seating cushions produced with the improved isocyanate have been tested by Centre Testing International (Shanghai) Co., Ltd. The results show that the volatile aldehyde emissions, including formaldehyde, are reduced by 30-40%, and acetaldehyde and acrolein are reduced by 20-25%.
BASF is intensifying its activities in cathode active materials to meet the fast-growing demand for battery materials driven by e-mobility. As a leading supplier of high energy density cathode active materials in terms of both technology and capacity, BASF has established a global cathode active materials R&D and production network, including China. BASF’s cathode active materials have already been successfully adopted by global leading electric vehicle manufacturers.
For many years, BASF has been bringing vibrant colors to China’s automotive industry. Our coating solutions not only meet the expectations for a new automotive generation but also help car manufacturers increase productivity and improve the balance between energy consumption and environmental conservation.
Since 2014, BASF has been cooperating with BYD, a local pioneer in electric vehicles. In 2018, BASF introduced the Emperor Red coating for BYD’s new 7-seater SUV model, “Tang”. During the year, BASF also supplied its CathoGuard® 800, an eco-efficient e-coat with low VOC and free of heavy metal and HAP (hazardous air pollutants), waterborne primer and some basecoat products to BYD’s new paint shop in Shenzhen. Other BASF colors used by BYD include Crystal White and Amber Gold for the “Song Max”. In August 2018, BASF introduced two new colors to BYD which will be applied to two of its forthcoming new models.
BASF is also the exclusive automotive coatings supplier for the electric vehicle startup NIO, with a partnership started in 2015. It provided surface pre-treatment and coating solutions to NIO’s second smart electric SUV ES6 launched in December 2018. During the design process, BASF experts worked together with NIO’s design team in Germany and co-developed ES6’s eight colors, that were inspired by various color tones of the sky, such as Stratospheric Blue or Cloud White, and particularly speak for youth and vitality. In 2017, NIO had already used BASF’s coating solutions for the surface pre-treatment and all coatings layers of its first vehicle, the seven-seater SUV ES8.
BASF supports new mobility trends with its broad range of innovative solutions for the automotive industry. To meet future needs of drivers in China, we co-create and co-develop various kinds of new mobility vehicles with our customers.
BASF and Research and Development Center of Guangzhou Automobile Group Co. Ltd. (GAC R&D Center) have co-developed three futuristic two-seat electric concept cars for distinct target groups, including female drivers, senior drivers and car-sharing companies. The cars all showcase unique design features, created by the GAC R&D Center, with advanced prototyping support from Creation Center, BASF’s touch-point for engaging and inspiring designers. They were presented at the 16th Guangzhou International Automobile Exhibition in November 2018.
BASF also presented a concept motorcycle co-created with CFMOTO, using innovative material solutions from BASF in various applications and assemblies. In the lamp bezel application and switching assembly, BASF’s material solution enables a light translucent effect which enhances the sophisticated design appearance of the motorcycle. BASF’s polyurethane Spray Skin technology Elastoskin® also provides design flexibility including multi-colored designs, various surface textures and comfortable and durable solution for the motorcycle’s saddle.