Global
Factbook

Chemicals

The Chemicals segment consists of the Petrochemicals and Intermediates divisions. It supplies the other segments with basic chemicals and intermediates, contributing to the organic growth of our key value chains. Alongside internal transfers, our customers mainly come from the chemical and plastics industries. We aim to expand our competitiveness through technological leadership and operational excellence.

Divisions

Petrochemicals

Broad portfolio of high-quality basic chemicals and specialties tailored to the needs of internal and external customers that serve as starting materials for products such as dispersions, paints, coatings, plastics, insulating materials and hygiene products

Intermediates

Comprehensive portfolio of intermediates and specialties, which are used as precursors for products such as coatings, plastics, textile fibers, pharmaceuticals and crop protection products
The steam cracker II has an area of around 64,000 square meters making it the size of thirteen football fields and the biggest single plant at the site in Ludwigshafen. The cracker is also the core of the Verbund. The steam cracker II has been working since 1981. It separates naphtha basically into ethylene and propylene using 850-centigrade hot vapor. Ethylene and propylene are indispensable building blocks for the production of many products in Ludwigshafen.
The steam crackers at the BASF site in Ludwigshafen cover an area of around 100,000 square meters, the size of 14 soccer fields. The crackers are the core of the Verbund. They separate naphtha into ethylene and propylene at 850 degrees Celsius. Ethylene and propylene are indispensable building blocks for the production of many products. By using renewable feedstocks such as bio-methane or bionaphtha, the subsequent product carbon footprint can be lowered substantially. BASF is also exploring electric heating concepts, which could further reduce greenhouse gas emissions.

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Factors influencing sales

EBIT before special items

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Million € 2020 2019 2018
Sales to third parties 8,071 9,532 11,694
Share of total BASF sales (%) 14 16 19

of which Petrochemicals

5,426 6,670 8,561

      Intermediates

2,645 2,862 3,133
Income from operations before depreciation and amortization (EBITDA) before special items

1,305

1,574

2,245

Income from operations before depreciation and amortization (EBITDA)

1,237

1,545

2,234

EBITDA margin (%)

15

16

19

Income from operations (EBIT) before special items

445

791

1,587

EBIT before special items margin (%)

6

8

14

Income from operations (EBIT)

–192

622

1,573

EBIT margin (%)

–2

7

13

Return on capital employed (ROCE) (%)

–2.2

6.8

17.7 

Last Update June 8, 2021