Our solutions: Products for climate protection
BASF products are involved in a large number of climate protection technologies. Therewith we enable energy efficiency and climate protection in a variety of sectors, such as the construction industry, the automotive industry and in industrial processes.
Our climate protection products sold in 2018 are enabling our customers to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 640 million metric tons of CO2 equivalents.
Our goal is to continually increase the contribution of our current products for climate protection, as well as of new products and solutions. We invest about half of our annual expenditures for research and development (R&D) on product and process innovations where the R&D target is related to energy/resource efficiency and climate protection.
Examples of our products for climate protection:
Efficient and environmentally friendly insulation materials
Over 50 years ago, BASF invented a classic product for efficient insulation, known worldwide under the trade name Styropor®.
With Neopor®, we have taken this classic a step further. The novel feature of this product is the addition of black graphite particles which improve the insulation performance by up to 20 percent.
Insulating an old building so that the heating energy requirement of 21 liters of fuel oil per square meter per year drops to 7 liters means that less insulation material is needed than when using conventional Styropor®.
Their outstanding insulation properties mean that polyurethane (PU) rigid foam systems are used in a number of cold and heat insulation applications. In addition to energy and cost savings, PU rigid foam offers architects freedom of design and additional living space due to slimmer construction options and as a result is used in house-building in a number of roof, wall and floor applications. Elastopor® and Elastopir® rigid foams are also used as the core material in sandwich panels, for example as facade and roof elements in cold stores and storage facilities. PU rigid foam is also a preferred option in refrigerators and freezers and for insulating hot water tanks, as well as insulation for district heating pipes.
It was in 1964 that BASF began producing this green insulation board. Nowadays, Styrodur® is a synonym for XPS in whole Europe and stands for diverse applications, robustness and highest compressive strength.
In 2015 the new generation was born: Thermally welded Styrodur® with one single Lambda value over the whole thickness range.
Plastics and additives for greater sustainability in the mobility sector
BASF's Keropur® fuel additives are mixed in small quantities with the fuel and produce better combustion in the engine. As a result, fuel consumption is reduced and premature wear on the engine is prevented, which in turn reduces the output of pollutants and greenhouse gases.
A test BASF performed jointly with a leading petroleum company on a fleet of vehicles over 64,000 kilometers showed that a premium additive package reduced pollutant emissions by 20 percent and improved average fuel economy by upto 2 percent. An eco-efficiency analysis comparing fuel with and without additive clearly showed that Keropur® fuel additives contribute significantly to climate and environmental protection.
The use of fertilizers releases large quantities of nitrous oxide through the decomposition of nitrogen compounds in the soil. BASF’s nitrification inhibitor ensures that the ammonium contained in fertilizers is metabolized more slowly by bacteria in the soil, thus resulting in a reduction in nitrous oxide. The fertilizer can supply crops with nutrients more efficiently, and the crop requires fertilization much less frequently. This decreases greenhouse gas emissions. The impact on groundwater is reduced by the nitrification inhibitor as well.
Chemistry makes wind power more economic
BASF supports the deployment of wind power as a climate-friendly source of energy. BASF’s innovative solutions are a contributory factor in the more efficient manufacturing and maintenance of rotor blades, bases, towers and gears for wind turbine systems.
Larger rotor blades help modern wind turbine systems increase performance. Epoxy-based composites have become established as the material for manufacturing these rotor blades. BASF offers amine hardeners for these two-component systems under the trade name Baxxodur™.
In order to be able to produce large defect-free blades, the components used in the system should not react too rapidly when filling the molds. At the same time, the epoxy resin systems should not cure rapidly in the mold, so that this is then free for manufacturing the next blade. BASF has developed specialty hardeners specifically for manufacturing large fiber composite structures. They can be used to produce systems that react slowly when the mold is filled and rapidly on curing, which means that manufacturers of rotor blades for wind turbine systems can reduce production times by up to 30 percent and increase their productivity. BASF is therefore making an important contribution to increasing the profitability of wind power as a climate-friendly source of energy.
BASF’s MasterFlow solutions play an important role in the successful construction of modern windfarms.
Offshore wind turbine installations are extremely large, heavy and slender structures. They require large-scale underwater grouting to form robust, structural connections between the foundations and the wind turbines. These vital links in the construction are exposed to huge dynamic forces. BASF has therefore developed a special range of offshore grouts that can absorb these enormous loads.
MasterFlow 9500 is specially designed for offshore foundations that require ultra-high strength grouts and which can be installed in the shortest weather windows possible. A key application benefit of the MasterFlow 9500 grout is the rapid strength build up even in temperatures as low as 0°C, guaranteeing a fast, secure and cost-effective installation, earlier operation of the windfarm and return on investment.
MasterFlow 9800 is the revolutionary offshore grout with mechanical properties that meet the toughest requirements of wind turbine installations, and which overcomes the typical problems associated with offshore grouting. MasterFlow 9800 is the first ever bulk supplied offshore grout that has obtained Type Approval Certification from DNV GL.
For the safe and durable installation of onshore wind turbines, our uniquely formulated, high-performance onshore grouts are designed to guarantee excellent fatigue resistance, applications in the shortest weather windows and long term cost effective installations.
For example, MasterFlow 9200, ultra-high strength and fatigue resistant onshore grout, is especially developed to be compatible with all Vestas onshore wind turbine types and their specific foundation design. The material exhibits excellent long term durability and high early and final strengths, guaranteeing secure installations from the time of tower erection over the entire life expectancy of the windfarm. To complete the range of onshore wind turbine grouts, BASF offers a range of bespoke materials especially for use with concrete towers.