Where we are: The 2019 BASF corporate carbon footprint
BASF has published a comprehensive corporate carbon footprint since 2008, the only industrial enterprise worldwide to do so. The annually updated balance gives us pointers on where the influencing factors for preventing greenhouse gas emissions are. So we can check whether we are on the right track for meeting our goals to reduce greenhouse gases.
We consider the whole BASF value chain and determine how many emissions are produced by which activity, from the supply of raw materials and precursors via our own production and the use of the end products we produce through to disposal of all our products at the end of their life. The analysis strictly adheres to the Greenhouse Gas Protocol standards and the standard for the chemical industry specific to the sector published in 2013; we were closely involved in the development of this.
Greenhouse gas emissions along the BASF value chain
Balancing sets out three emission ranges (scopes):
- Scope 1 records direct CO2 emissions. They come from emission sources at BASF sites and include for example our own production plants and plants for generating power and steam.
- Scope 2 relates to indirect CO2 emissions produced by our suppliers in generating energy that we then purchase for our production.
- Scope 3 comprises all other CO2 emissions produced along the value chain (e.g. with suppliers, in the use phase of the products, in disposal and in transport). These emissions are recorded in 15 different categories.
The figure below summarizes the emissions along the value chain for 2019 – emissions are given in million metric tons of CO2 equivalents, categories within Scope 3 are shown in parentheses. Emissions in BASF production include Scope 1 and Scope 2 (location-based approach).
Greenhouse gas emissions along the BASF value chain in 2019 a
a According to Greenhouse Gas Protocol; Scope 1, 2 and 3; categories within Scope 3 are shown in parentheses.
Greenhouse gas emissions in BASF production (GHG Protocol Scopes 1 & 2)
In accordance with the GHG Protocol Corporate Accounting Standard, we report Scope 1 and Scope 2 emissions separately. Regarding Scope 1 emissions resulting from the generation of energy, we also differentiate between emissions from energy production for our own consumption and emissions from energy production for sale to third parties. For Scope 2, we consider the location-based approach as well as the market-based approach. We report on all emissions from our fully consolidated companies’ production sites worldwide. The emissions of consolidated joint operations are included pro rata, based on our stake.
BASF Group’s greenhouse gas emissions according to the Greenhouse Gas Protocol a
Million metric tons of CO2 equivalents
|BASF operations b||2019||2018|
Scope 1 c
CO2 (carbon dioxide)
N2O (nitrous oxide)
Scope 2 d
|Total after offsetting||20.079||21.887|
|Sale of energy to third parties (Scope 1) e|
|Use of biomass f|
a BASF reports separately on direct and indirect emissions from the purchase of energy. Scope 1 emissions encompass both direct emissions from production and generation of steam and electricity, as well as direct emissions
from the generation of steam and electricity for sale. Scope 2 emissions comprise indirect emissions from the purchase of energy for BASF’s use.
b In 2019 we have changed the method used to calculate the relevant environmental indicators. Further information can be found on the BASF Online Report 2019. The figures for 2018 have been adjusted according to the new method.
c Emissions of N2O, CH4 and HFC have been translated into CO2 emissions using the Global Warming Potential, or GWP, factor. GWP factors are based on the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) 2007, errata table 2012. HFC (hydrofluorocarbons) are calculated using the GWP factors of the individual components.
d Market-based approach. Under the location-based approach, Scope 2 emissions were 3.747 million metric tons of CO2 in 2018 and 3.552 million metric tons of CO2 in 2019.
e Includes sales to BASF Group companies; As a result, emissions reported under Scope 2 can be considered twice in some cases.
f Emissions are reported separately from Scope 1 and Scope 2 in accordance with the Greenhouse Gas Protocol.
Greenhouse gas emissions from the value chain (GHG Protocol Scope 3)
Our list of Scope 3 emissions is based on the GHG Protocol Scope 3 Standard (Corporate Value Chain Accounting and Reporting Standard). We have checked all 15 categories in this standard for relevance and report the emissions for the 12 relevant categories.
Our Group companies are then consolidated just as in our financial reporting, the exception being the determination of emissions in Scope 3 categories 3, 5 and 9, where we have adopted the same approach as in the reporting for Scope 1 and Scope 2 emissions.
Overview of Scope 3 emissions by the BASF Group for 2019 (in accordance with the GHG Protocol)
[CO2 equivalents in millions of tons]
|1||Purchased goods and services||50.2|
|3||Fuel- and energy-related activities||3.1|
|4||Upstream transportation and distribution||1.9|
|5||Waste generated in operations||1.4|
|8||Upstream leased assets||0.2|
|9||Downstream transportation and distribution||1.7|
|10||Processing of Sold Products||Undetermined1|
|11||Use of sold products||9.4|
|12||End-of-life treatment of sold products||25.8|
|13||Downstream leased assets||<0.12|
1 For a chemicals company at the beginning of the value chain, such as BASF, the effort to determine Scope 3 emissions from the further processing of our products (Category 11 Processing of Sold Products) is not reasonable.
2 Expert estimate. The activities of BASF as a lessee account for less than 20% of our activities in the area of Leased Assets Upstream (Category 8).
3 BASF does not engage in franchising activities.
We have summarized the procedure and assumptions in the calculation of emissions in the named categories in our emission report based on the Greenhouse Gas Protocol Corporate Value Chain (Scope 3) Accounting and Reporting Standards template.